Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming, a state of the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 53,011. It is the county seat of Laramie County and the largest city in Wyoming.
On July 4, 1867 the first tents were pitched on the site now known as Cheyenne, to house the gangs who were constructing the Union Pacific Railroad. Most of the crew moved on when the right-of-way was completed in November that year. The remnant who stayed were joined by others including transient railroad gangs, soldiers from Fort D.A. Russell (now F.E. Warren Air Force Base), and men from Camp Carlin, a supply camp for all the northern army posts on the frontier.
The city was named by Grenville Dodge for the Native American Cheyenne nation, one of the most famous and prominent Great Plains tribes, closely allied with the Arapaho. The Cheyenne were among the fiercest fighters on the plains. Not pleased with the changes brought about by the railroad, they had harassed both railroad surveyors and construction crews that year.
As the capital of the Wyoming Territory and the only city of any consequence, as well as being the seat of the stockyards where cattle were loaded on the Union Pacific Railroad, the city's Cheyenne Club was the natural meeting place for the organization of the large well-capitalized ranches, the Wyoming Stock Growers Association. (See Johnson County War of 1892, the largest of the "range wars" of early Wyoming history). The newspaper offices of Asa Shinn Mercer's Northwestern Livestock Journal were burned down when the paper which was meant as a public relations vehicle for the moneyed cattle interests began to write scathing accounts of the events that were unfolding on the open range. His account is told in his book The Banditti of the Plains, still unavailable in Wyoming.
As a town created by the railroad, Cheyenne fittingly preserves one of the eight surviving Union Pacific Big Boy locomotives, some of the largest steam locomotives ever built, designed for hauling freight over the Rocky Mountains.
Web Sites and Links
Cheyenne Current WeatherLocal weather and forecast.
Cheyenne Downtown Development AuthorityDowntown Cheyenne proudly serves as the repository of Cheyenne's finest historic commercial architecture and exhibits our community and independence.
Cheyenne NetworkLocal news service, serving Cheyenne, Pine Bluffs, Burns, Albin, and Laramie County
Cheyenne, Live The LegendHere in Cheyenne, yesterday's colorful legends come to life, energized by the vitality of one of today's most vibrant western cities. In just one visit, you can relive that Old West spirit and enjoy our unsurpassed Western hospitality.
City of CheyenneThe official City of Cheyenne website. Public offices, officials, and community information.
Greater Cheyenne Chamber of CommerceVisitor, government and community information.
Your Town - CheyenneLocal tools, links, sports and people for Cheyenne.