Courtland is a town located in Southampton County, Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 1,270. It is the county seat of Southampton County.
Originally named Jerusalem, the town was given its present name in 1888. It served as Southampton County's only town through the 18th century, and was, as it remains, the county seat. This quiet little town was formed in 1791 on the north shore of the Nottoway River on a parcel of ten acres (40,000 mē) beside of the counthouse. In 1831, the town became famous as it hosted the trials and subsequent executions of those involved in the Southampton Rebellion of 1831, or the Nat Turner Slave Rebellion. At this time, according to a letter written by a Mr. Solon Borland to the governor of North Carolina, it was but a small hamlet of approximately 175 people, with only three stores, one saddler, one carriage maker, two hotels, two attorneys and two physicians in the town. The town was the boyhood home of Confederate Major General William Mahone whose father ran a tavern.
Web Sites and Links
Blackwater LibraryIncludes storytime schedules and reading programs for children.
FeridiesFeaturing gourmet foods and gifts; Virginia peanuts, peanut candies and hams. Gift boxes and baskets featured as well as collectibles.
Southampton AcademyIncludes school mission, academic and athletic pages, and student showcase.
Southampton High School Track and Cross CountryIncludes team news and runner statistics.
Southampton Middle SchoolIncludes school schedule and faculty and staff listings.
Town of CourtlandOfficial town web site.