Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 13,868.
Jacksonville is located in an area of rolling hills in East Texas, north of the county seat, Rusk, and south of Tyler, in Smith County, on U. S. Highway 69. Area production and shipping of tomatoes gained the town the title "Tomato Capital of the World". Annual events include the "Tomato Fest" celebration in June, and the "Tops in Texas Rodeo", held in July.
Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the townsite was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June of 1850.
Texas' only two privately owned junior colleges - Lon Morris and Jacksonville College - are both located in Jacksonville. A seminary belonging to the Baptist Missionary Association of America is also located there.
Web Sites and Links
City of JacksonvilleOfficial municipal web site.
Jacksonville, Texas Public LibraryIncludes online catalog, new items, location, and local information.