Lawrence is a city located in Douglas County, Kansas. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 80,098. Lawrence is the county seat of Douglas County, and is the home of the University of Kansas and Haskell Indian Nations University. Lawrence is located in northeast Kansas, on the Kansas River, and southwest of Kansas City. The city was founded in 1851 for the New England Emigrant Aid Company by Charles Robinson, and named after Amos Adams Lawrence, the son of famed philanthropist Amos Lawrence. It was home to the first church in Kansas, and was the political center of the Free States, and served as de facto capital until 1856.
In the Civil War era, Lawrence was a center of anti-slavery sentiment. On May 21, 1856, a pro-slavery posse led by Sheriff Samuel J. Jones burned the Free-State Hotel, destroyed the equipment of two anti-slavery newspapers, and looted several other businesses. No loss of life was recorded (see Sacking of Lawrence). On August 21, 1863, however, pro-slavery forces led by William Quantrill burned most of the homes and businesses in Lawrence, and killed 150-200 of the men they found in Lawrence (see Lawrence Massacre).
The University of Kansas was founded in Lawrence in 1866, by the citizens of Lawrence, under a charter granted by the Kansas Legislature, with the donation of 40 acres (160,000 mē) of land on Mount Oread by former Kansas Governor Charles Robinson and his wife Sara and small monetary gift from Amos Adams Lawrence. As a college town, Lawrence is known for its liberal philosophy and unique culture.Web Sites and Links
City of LawrenceIncludes news, resources, staff, commission, headlines, service directory and contact information.
Community HappensA community site with an emphasis on progressive politics and local culture.
Lawrence Community NewsWeblog, event calendar, and directory of links related to Lawrence and the greater Douglas county area.
Lawrence CyberVillageOfficial site of the City of Lawrence, including information about its history, community and economics.
Lawrence Visitors' BureauOfficial website of the Lawrence Convention and Visitors Bureau.
Lawrence.comVisitors' information, community resources, arts and entertainment, news, calendar of local events, and publish your own photos, poetry and fiction section.