San Jose (formally the City of San Jose) is a major city in the U.S. state of California and is the county seat of Santa Clara County. On April 3, 1979, the city council adopted San Josť as the spelling of the city name on the city seal and official stationery. However, it is still more commonly spelled without the diacritic mark.
The city is located at the south end of the San Francisco Bay, within the informal boundaries of Silicon Valley, and is the largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area. As of 2003, it reported an estimated population of 925,000, making it the most populous city in Northern California and third most populous city in the state, after Los Angeles and San Diego. Census Bureau estimates for 2003 indicate San Jose has overtaken Detroit as the United States' tenth most populous city; according to the formal 2000 count, it is ranked eleventh. All of these figures refer to the area within the city limits, which is the sense in which the word "city" is normally used in the U.S. and not to the urban area. The San Francisco Bay metropolitan area, of which San Jose forms part, is the fourth largest in the U.S.
San Jose, founded in 1777 as a farming community to provide food for nearby military installations, was the first town in the Spanish colony of California. It served as the first capital of California after statehood was granted in 1850. After over 150 years as an agricultural center, increased demand for housing from soldiers and other personnel returning from World War II and starting families, as well as aggressive expansion during the 1950s and 1960s led first to San Jose being a bedroom community for Silicon Valley in the 1970s, then attracting businesses to the city; by 1990 the city was calling itself the Capital of Silicon Valley.
Web Sites and Links
ERsys: San JoseDemographics, environmental quality, weather, labor, and quality of life facts.